Efficient terahertz (THz) wave generation in strongly correlated organic compounds α-(ET)2I3 and α′-(ET) 2IBr2 (ET:bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene) was demonstrated. The spontaneous polarization induced by charge ordering or electronic ferroelectricity was revealed to trigger the THz-wave generation via optical rectification; the estimated 2nd-order nonlinear optical susceptibility for α-(ET)2I3 is over 70 times larger than that for prototypical THz-source ZnTe. Ultrafast (<1 ps) and sensitive (∼40%) photoresponse of the THz wave was observed for α-(ET)2I 3, which is attributable to photoinduced quenching of the polarization accompanied by insulator(ferroelectric)-to-metal transition. Modulation of the THz wave was observed for α′-(ET) 2IBr2 upon the poling procedure, indicating the alignment of polar domains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)