Many biological molecular motors can operate specifically and robustly at the highly fluctuating nano-scale. How these molecules achieve such remarkable functions is an intriguing question that requires various notions and quantifications of efficiency associated with the operations and energy transduction of these nano-machines. Here we give a short review of some important concepts of motor efficiencies, including the thermodynamic, Stokes, and generalized and transport efficiencies, as well as some implications provided by the thermodynamic uncertainty relations recently developed in nonequilibrium physics.
- Molecular motor
- Thermodynamic uncertainty relation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology