Efficacy and safety of novel anticoagulant dabigatran in clinical practice for Japanese patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

Koji Miyamoto, Takeshi Aiba, Ikutaro Nakajima, Yuko Yamada, Hideo Okamura, Takashi Noda, Kazuhiro Satomi, Masaharu Ishihara, Toshihisa Anzai, Satoshi Yasuda, Hisao Ogawa, Shiro Kamakura, Wataru Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There is little evidence of the efficacy and safety of dabigatran in Japanese patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Methods and Results: We evaluated 300 consecutive patients with NVAF (68711 years old, 209 men, 180 paroxysmal) who received 220 mg/day (203 patients) or 300 mg/day dabigatran (97 patients) at our hospital. Most patients (84%) had lower CHADS2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age > 75 years, diabetes, stroke/transient ischemic attack) scores of 0 (n=60), 1 (n=114), or 2 (n=78) and lower HAS-BLED (hypertension, abnormal renal/liver function, stroke, bleeding history or predisposition) scores of 0 (n=39), 1 (n=114), or 2 (n=103). The estimated creatinine clearance was 77±24 mL/min, which was inversely correlated to age (r2±0.48, p<0.0001). Activated partial thromboplastin time was 42±9 s but was not dependent on sampling time. During follow-up of 263±160 days, an ischemic stroke occurred in 1 patient (0.3%), but no systemic embolism was observed. Some adverse events were reported for 70 (23%) patients, such as dyspepsia (n=42, 14%) or minor bleeding complications (n=11, 4%) resulting in discontinuation of dabigatran for 39 patients. However, no major complications were observed, and no patient died from adverse events or because of cardiovascular or stroke events. Conclusions: Dabigatran is safe and useful for the prevention of ischemic strokes in Japanese NVAF patients, but additional care should be taken for elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
Journaljournal of arrhythmia
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Dabigatran
  • Efficacy
  • Japanese
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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