Efficacy and safety of balloon pulmonary angioplasty for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension guided by cone-beam computed tomography and electrocardiogram-gated area detector computed tomography

Takeshi Ogo, Tetsuya Fukuda, Akihiro Tsuji, Shigefumi Fukui, Jin Ueda, Yoshihiro Sanda, Yoshiaki Morita, Ryotaro Asano, Nao Konagai, Satoshi Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a disease characterized by chronic obstructive thrombus and pulmonary hypertension. Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), an emerging alternative catheter-based treatment for inoperable patients with CTEPH, has not yet been standardised, especially for lesion assessment in distal pulmonary arteries. Recent advancement in computed tomography enables distal CTEPH lesions to be visualized. Methods We retrospectively studied 80 consecutive patients with inoperable CTEPH who received BPA guided by cone-beam computed tomography (CT) (CBCT) or electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated area detector CT (ADCT) for target lesion assessment. We collected clinical and hemodynamic data, including procedural complications, before BPA and at 3 months and 1 year after BPA. Results Three hundred eight-five BPA sessions (4.8 sessions/patient) were performed for the lesions of subsegmental arteries (1155 lesions), segmental arteries (738 lesions), and lobar arteries (4 lesions) identified by CBCT or ECG-gated ADCT. Significant improvements in the symptoms, 6-min walk distance, brain natriuretic peptide level, exercise capacity, and haemodynamics were observed 3 months and 1 year after BPA. No cases of death or cardiogenic shock with a low rate of severe wire perforation (0.3%) and severe reperfusion oedema (0.3%) were observed. Conclusions BPA guided by CBCT or ECG-gated ADCT is effective and remarkably safe in patients with CTEPH. These new advanced CT techniques may be useful in pre-BPA target lesion assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-276
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Balloon pulmonary angioplasty
  • Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension
  • Cone-beam computed tomography
  • ECG-gated area detector computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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