Effects of water flow rate on fatigue life of carbon and stainless steels in simulated lwr environment

Akihiko Hirano, Michiyoshi Yamamoto, Katsumi Sakaguchi, Tetsuo Shoji

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Fatigue tests in simulated LWR environment of carbon and stainless steels were performed under high water flow rates between 7 to 10 m/s. For carbon steel, high flow rate of water clearly mitigated the environmental effect on a fatigue life at the high sulfur concentration of 0.016 wt% which caused high environmental effect on a fatigue life. On the contrary, high flow rate of water slightly enhanced the environmental effect at the low sulfur concentration at or less than 0.008 wt% which caused very low environmental effect. These results suggested that the environmental fatigue life under various flow rate conditions should be determined by the combination between the mitigating effect caused by flushing of locally severe environment and the enhancing effect caused by increase in corrosion potential. To understand those effects, effects of sulfur concentration on fatigue life for various DO condition were formulated. And corrosion potential under low and high flow rate condition was measured during the fatigue test. Environmental correction factor, F en, which is the ratio of fatigue lives derived from the fatigue life at room temperature in air divided by that in water to be used for the fatigue life prediction at high flow rate condition was assumed based on the MITI guideline equation and considering the hypothetical fatigue life under sulfur free condition and high corrosion potential condition. This assumption was agreed very well with the test data. For stainless steel, flow rate had little effect on a fatigue life of type 316 stainless steel. It suggested that there was no role of water flushing. For type 304 stainless steel, fatigue life has a tendency to decrease with increase in water flow rate. Fatigue lives of type 304 stainless steel under high flow rate of 7 to 10 m/s were shorter than those predicted by MITI guideline equation. This effect should be considered in an evaluation of environmental fatigue.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2680
Pages (from-to)109-119
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
Event2004 ASME/JSME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2004 Jul 252004 Jul 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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