Effects of volatile anesthetics on vagal C-fiber activities and their reflexes in anesthetized dogs

T. Mutoh, H. Tsubone, R. Nishimura, N. Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane on vagal capsaicin (CAPS)-sensitive C-fibers were elucidated in anesthetized dogs. The CAPS-sensitive C-fibers were significantly stimulated by all volatile anesthetics with a significantly greater response to halothane than with sevoflurane. A significant increase in respiratory frequency (fr) and a significant decrease in tidal volume (Vt) were observed with halothane and isoflurane, and a significant increase in fr was observed with sevoflurane. In contrast, a significant decrease in fr was induced by enflurane. The tachypnea induced by halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane was significantly reduced or no longer observed after perineural CAPS-treatment or bilateral vagotomy, whereas the slowing of respiration observed with enflurane was not affected by either of these treatments. These results suggest that vagal C-fibers play an important role in the reflex tachypnea that occurs with halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-264
Number of pages12
JournalRespiration Physiology
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Afferents, pulmonary
  • Anesthetics, enflurane, halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane
  • Control of breathing, anesthetics
  • Mammals, dog
  • Nerve endings, vagal C-fibers
  • Receptors, capsaicin-sensitive C-fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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