The effects of the N2 gas flow ratio and the substrate self-bias of reactive sputtering on the polarity of AlN film on various planar sapphire substrates were investigated to obtain a non-polar oriented AlN film. On a c-plane sapphire substrate, substrate self-bias enhanced c-plane AlN growth and Al termination at the surface, as confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and time-of-flight low-energy atom scattering spectroscopy. In addition, the AlN film deposited at an N2 gas:Ar sputtering gas ratio of 14% with substrate self-bias had high crystallinity with an XRD ω-rocking curve of 17 arcsec for the 0002 diffraction. In contrast, the AlN films on a- and r-plane sapphire substrates had semi-polar and non-polar plane orientations, respectively. However, on the a-plane sapphire substrate, the c-plane-orientated AlN phase was also observed, which was increased under substrate self-bias condition and an N2 flow rate below 30%. Preferable conditions for non-polar AlN growth by reactive sputtering were non-substrate self-bias and a high N2 flow rate of 30% or more.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)