Effects of starting materials on the deposition behavior of hydrothermally synthesized {1 0 0} c -oriented epitaxial (K,Na)NbO 3 thick films and their ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties

Akinori Tateyama, Yoshiharu Ito, Yoshiko Nakamura, Takao Shimizu, Yuichiro Orino, Minoru Kurosawa, Hiroshi Uchida, Takahisa Shiraishi, Takanori Kiguchi, Toyohiko J. Konno, Nobuhiro Kumada, Hiroshi Funakubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epitaxial (K 0.88 Na 0.12 )NbO 3 films were deposited at 240 °C onto (1 0 0) c SrRuO 3 //(1 0 0)SrTiO 3 substrates utilizing a hydrothermal method. Both crystalline and amorphous niobium oxide powders were utilized as starting niobium sources with KOH and NaOH as potassium and sodium sources, respectively. Film thickness increased with deposition time, but eventually became saturated. The saturated film thickness of (K 0.88 Na 0.12 )NbO 3 films prepared from the amorphous niobium source was greater than that from the crystalline source for mixtures of 6 and 7 mol/L KOH-NaOH solutions. This is found to be due to the suppression of the (K,Na)NbO 3 powder simultaneously prepared with films by selecting amorphous niobium source. Their electrical and piezoelectric properties were nearly identical after following heat treatment at 600 °C for 10 min in an atmospheric O 2 flow irrespective of the starting niobium sources; The average values of remanent polarization and effective longitudinal piezoelectric constant, d 33 , were 5–6 μC/cm 2 and 45 pm/V, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume511
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1

Keywords

  • A3. Hydrothermal method
  • B1. Niobates
  • B2. Ferroelectric materials
  • B2. Piezoelectric materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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