Effects of stacking sequence and short-range ordering of solute atoms on elastic properties of Mg-Zn-Y alloys with long-period stacking ordered structures

M. Tane, H. Kimizuka, K. Hagihara, S. Suzuki, T. Mayama, T. Sekino, Y. Nagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of stacking sequence and short-range ordering of solute atoms on the elastic properties of Mg-Zn-Y alloy single crystals with an 18R- or 10H-type long-period stacking ordered (LPSO) structure were studied. Instead of single crystals, the growth of which can be quite difficult, two directionally solidified (DS) Mg-Zn-Y alloy polycrystals, mainly consisting of 18R- or 10H-type LPSO structure, were prepared. X-ray pole figure analyses revealed that fiber textures, which differed in the two prepared alloys, were formed in the DS polycrystals. For the DS polycrystals, a complete set of elastic constants was measured during cooling from 300 to 7.5 or 5.5 K. By analyzing the elastic stiffness of DS polycrystals on the basis of a newly developed inverse Voigt-Reuss-Hill approximation, in which the detailed crystallographic texture could be taken into account, the elastic stiffness components of the single-crystalline LPSO phases from 300 to 7.5 or 5.5 K were determined. The elastic properties of the 18R- and 10H-LPSO phases were also evaluated by first-principles calculations based on density functional theory. Comparison of the measured elastic properties at 5.5 or 7.5 K with the first-principles calculations revealed that the elastic properties of the LPSO phase were virtually dominated by the stacking sequence of the LPSO structures and the formation energy of short-range ordered solute atom clusters, formed at the four consecutive atomic stacking layers. Importantly, the effects of the formation energy and stacking sequence were significant in the elastic moduli related to the atomic bonding between the stacking layers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-188
Number of pages19
JournalActa Materialia
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 18

Keywords

  • Acoustic methods
  • Elastic properties
  • First-principles calculations
  • Magnesium alloys
  • Single crystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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