Effects of Short Period Treatments at Low Temperature (9°C) on Growth of Rice Plants at the Tillering Stage

Yusuke Goto, Kan Hasebe, Satoshi Nakamura, Masamichi Ohe, Kiyochika Hoshikawa, Mitsuo Saito

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The rice plants cv. Sasanishiki (3 plants/pot) were moved into the controlled growth chamber at 9° C when half of the leaf blade (LB) of the 7th leaf (L7) was emerged (H plot) or when the whole 7th leaf blade (LB7) was fully emerged (W plot). The plants were kept at that temperature for 1, 2, 4, and 8 days. Plant did not grow during the treatment and began to continue the growth alter treatment. In the 8-day treatment plots (H8 and W8 plots) plants sustained heavy damage and at 1 or 2 weeks after the treatment about 30% of plants had died. The effects of the treatments on the leaf length or on the tillering behaviour are as follows. 1) the length of LB and the leaf sheath (LS) treated at rapid elongating stage (LB7, LS7, LB8 of H plots and LS7, LB8 of W plots) were shorter than that of untreated plants, but on the other hand the length of LB or LS treated just before the rapid elongating stage (LS8, LB9 of H plots and LS8, LB9, LS9, LB 10 of W plots) were longer than that of untreated plants. Tiller growth of the treated plants was slower than that of untreated plants. The percentage of emerged tillers at expected nodes after treatment was smaller than that of untreated plants. The percentage of emerged tillers and the tiller growth rate indicated the rate of the damage that plants sustained. In this study, there were no reason to say that a tiller bud was sensitive to low temperature in the specific developmental stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Crop Science
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Growth
  • Leaf blade length
  • Leaf sheath length
  • Low temperature
  • Main stem
  • Rice plant
  • Tillering behaviour
  • Tillering stage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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