Objectives: We sought to preserve the microcirculation as a keystone in liver transplantation from a non-heart-beating donor (NHBD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the cytoprotective effects of a serine protease inhibitor, nafamostat mesilate, and prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) on livers transplanted from NHBDs. Methods: Male Wistar rats were used in five groups of nine rats each. In group 1, livers were retrieved from heart-beating donors (HB group); in group 2, livers were retrieved from NHBDs that had experienced agonal apnea (NHB group); in group 3, livers were retrieved in the same manner as in the NHBD group but were pretreated with nafamostat mesilate (NM), 0.2 mg/kg/h, (NM group); in group 4, livers were retrieved in the same manner as in the NHBD group but were pretreated with prostaglandin (PG) I2, 33 ng/kg/h for 30 minutes (PG group); and in group 5, livers were retrieved in the same manner as in the NHBD group but were pretreated with NM plus PG, (NM+PG group). Livers were perfused for 60 minutes with Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer after 6 hours of cold preservation, after which the perfusate and liver tissue were analyzed in one set of experiments. In another set of experiments, livers retrieved and after 1 hour of cold preservation were transplanted according to the Kamada method. Results: In the NM+PG group, the values of interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, and thromboxane B2 were significantly lower than those in the NHB group. At histologic analysis, sinusoidal endothelial cells were well preserved in the NM+PG group. The number of survivors at 7 days after liver transplantation in the 5 groups were 9, 0, 1, 1, and 3, respectively. Conclusion: The serine protease inhibitor, NM, and PGI2 supported sinusoidal endothelial cells and preserved microcirculation.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Sep 1|
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