Effects of retained austenite on tension-compression fatigue properties of cold work tool steel

Daien Yokoi, Nobuhiro Tsujii, Yoshihiko Yokoyama, Kenzo Fukaura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of retained austenite (γR) on tension-compression fatigue properties of cold work tool steel have been investigated using modified SKD11 (Mod.SKD11), which contains 0.8C-8Cr-2Mo-0.5V Tension-compression fatigue specimens were tempered at 180°C, 470°C and 540°C after quenching from 1030°C. These conditions vary the amount and stability of γR with equal hardness of 60HRC. The amount of γR in these specimens tempered below 500°C was 15 vol%. The γR stability to stress induced transformation in specimen tempered at 470°C can be considered to increase than that of 180°C, because C content in γR for the specimen tempered at 470°C is higher than that of the specimen tempered at 180°C. Above 500°C, the γR in specimens was decomposed and secondary hardening occurred. Fatigue tests were done under fully reversed stress amplitude of 1000MPa. Each result was plotted on Weibull probability sheet. Fatigue lives of the specimens tempered at 470°C were longest, and decreased in the sequence 180°C→540°C. Fisheyes were observed on the fracture surface of each specimen. The diameter of fisheye for the specimens tempered at 180°C and 470°C was larger than that for the specimen tempered at 540°C. It seems that γR contributes to the increase of the resistance for crack propagation. As a result of measurement of γR volume fraction after fatigue test, it is found that γR in specimen tempered at 180°C is unstable and the volume fraction of γR decreased approximately 5%, while volume fraction of γR in specimen tempered at 470°C was unchanged. Thus, it is considered that the amount and stability of γR contribute to the increase of fatigue lives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-725
Number of pages8
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun

Keywords

  • Cold work tool steel
  • JIS SKD11
  • Retained austenite
  • Tensile test
  • Tension-compression fatigue test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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