Effects of raw materials on NaNbO 3 nanocube synthesis via the solvothermal method

Kouichi Nakashima, Yasuharu Toshima, Yoshio Kobayashi, Masato Kakihana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A nanocube is a single nanoscale crystal with a cubic shape. Raw materials are an important factor in determining the synthesis of nanocubes. In this study, we investigated various niobium compounds that serve as raw materials, each inducing different effects during nanocube synthesis. Perovskite sodium niobate (NaNbO 3 ) nanocubes were synthesized using a two-step process. The first step in this process, synthesis of the raw materials, was followed by solvothermal synthesis of NaNbO 3 nanocubes. The raw material for the first step was obtained by applying heat treatment to a precursor following Nb hydrolysis. The heat treatment was performed at temperatures of 300–1000°C. Nb 2 O 5 was obtained after heat treatment of its precursor, during which its crystalline system morphed into hexagonal, orthorhombic, and monoclinic systems with respective increases in temperature. For the second step, we obtained various NaNbO 3 morphologies via the solvothermal method using water, methanol, or ethanol as a reaction medium. NaNbO 3 nanocubes were formed by applying the solvothermal method to the synthesized precursor during heat treatment at 800°C. Solvothermal synthesis was performed with methanol as the reaction medium at 200°C, which resulted in the formation of NaNbO 3 nanocubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Asian Ceramic Societies
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 2

Keywords

  • NaNbO
  • nanocube
  • raw material
  • solvothermal method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

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