Effects of rainfall exclusion on leaf gas exchange traits and osmotic adjustment in mature canopy trees of Dryobalanops aromatica (Dipterocarpaceae) in a Malaysian tropical rain forest

Yuta Inoue, Tomoaki Ichie, Tanaka Kenzo, Aogu Yoneyama, Tomo'Omi Kumagai, Tohru Nakashizuka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Climate change exposes vegetation to unusual levels of drought, risking a decline in productivity and an increase in mortality. It still remains unclear how trees and forests respond to such unusual drought, particularly Southeast Asian tropical rain forests. To understand leaf ecophysiological responses of tropical rain forest trees to soil drying, a rainfall exclusion experiment was conducted on mature canopy trees of Dryobalanops aromatica Gaertn.f. (Dipterocarpaceae) for 4 months in an aseasonal tropical rain forest in Sarawak, Malaysia. The rainfall was intercepted by using a soft vinyl chloride sheet. We compared the three control and three treatment trees with respect to leaf water use at the top of the crown, including stomatal conductance (gsmax), photosynthesis (Amax), leaf water potential (predawn: ?pre; midday: ?mid), leaf water potential at turgor loss point (ptlp), osmotic potential at full turgor (p100) and a bulk modulus of elasticity (e). Measurements were taken using tree-tower and canopy-crane systems. During the experiment, the treatment trees suffered drought stress without evidence of canopy dieback in comparison with the control trees; e.g., ?pre and ?mid decreased with soil drying. Minimum values of ?mid in the treatment trees decreased during the experiment, and were lower than ptlp in the control trees. However, the treatment trees also decreased their ptlp by osmotic adjustment, and the values were lower than the minimum values of their ?mid. In addition, the treatment trees maintained gs and Amax especially in the morning, though at midday, values decreased to half those of the control trees. Decreasing leaf water potential by osmotic adjustment to maintain gs and Amax under soil drying in treatment trees was considered to represent anisohydric behavior. These results suggest that D. aromatica may have high leaf adaptability to drought by regulating leaf water consumption and maintaining turgor pressure to improve its leaf water relations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1301-1311
    Number of pages11
    JournalTree Physiology
    Volume37
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

    Keywords

    • Borneo
    • Drought tolerance
    • Experimental drought
    • Osmotic adjustment
    • Photosynthesis
    • Stomatal conductance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Plant Science

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