The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of an adenylate cyclase activator N,N-dimethyl-β-alanine[3R-(3α, 4αβ, 5β, 6β, 6aα, 10α, 10aβ, 10bα)]-5(acetyloxy)-3-ethenyldodecahydro-10, 10b-dihydroxy-3, 4a, 7, 7, 10a-pentamethyl-1-oxo-1H-naphtho [2,1-b] pyran-6-yl ester hydrochloride (NKH477) on renal functions and cyclic AMP production in the dog kidney. The intrarenal arterial infusion of NKH477 (30, 100 and 300 ngkg-1min-1) increased renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, urine flow rate, urinary Na+ and cyclic AMP excretion, fractional Na+ excretion and arterial and renal venous plasma cyclic AMP concentrations in a dose-dependent manner. The intrarenal arterial infusion of rolipram (0.3 μgkg-1min-1), a cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase inhibitor, also caused the same renal responses as NKH477. The increasing effects of NKH477 on renal blood flow, fractional Na+ excretion and renal venous plasma cyclic AMP concentration were facilitated in the presence of rolipram. NKH477 reduced glomerular filtration rate and filtration fraction in the presence of rolipram. The increasing effects of NKH477 on urine flow rate and urinary Na+ excretion were not affected by rolipram. The present results suggest that NKH477 increases glomerular filtration and suppresses tubular sodium reabsorption through activation of cyclic AMP production, and thereby induces natriuresis. The results also demonstrate that renal cyclic AMP level during the activation of adenylate cyclase is regulated by phosphodiesterase IV in both the vascular and tubular sites. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
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