The effects of a Ca2+ entry blocker, nifedipine, and a putative intracellular Ca2+ release inhibitor, 8-(N, N-diethylamino) octyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate (TMB-8 ), on mesenteric vasoconstriction, induced by angiotensin II, were examined in anesthetized dogs. Injection of angiotensin II (5 and 10 ng/kg) into the mesenteric artery decreased the mesenteric blood flow, which was suppressed during intramesenteric arterial infusion of TMB-8 (30 and 100 μg/kg/min) but not of nifedipine (0.03 and 0.1 μg/kg/min). A higher dose of nifedipine (0.3 μg/kg/min) only slightly attenuated the mesenteric blood flow response. Intravenous injection of angiotensin II (100 ng/kg) decreased the mesenteric and renal blood flow. Both blood flow responses were suppressed during intravenous infusion of TMB-8 (1 and 2 mg/kg/min). Intravenous infusion of nifedipine (0.1-1.0 μg/kg/min) suppressed the renal blood flow response, whereas the mesenteric blood flow response was relatively resistant to nifedipine. The present results suggest that a TMB-8-sensitive Ca2+ movement pathway participates in the angiotensin II-induced contraction of the dog mesenteric vasculature in vivo. The Ca2+ influx through dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channels may not play a significant role in the angiotensin II-induced mesenteric vasoconstriction.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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