The influence of grain shape and size on superplastic behavior and deformation mechanisms was investigated in annealed β-silicon nitride materials and compared with the results for hot-pressed material. The microstructure of the annealed materials consisted of fine equiaxed β-grains together with some elongated ones. Similar to the deformation behavior in the hot-pressed material, strain hardening did not occur in these annealed materials. Moreover, in contrast to the deformation behavior under tension, grain alignment under compression resulting from the development of a mild texture did not give rise to strain hardening. An annealed material with small elongated grains had a flow-stress dependency of n = 1, whereas other annealed materials with large elongated grains exhibited a flow-stress dependency of n = 1.6. In terms of texture development and the effect of grain shape on the creep rate when diffusion was the rate-controlling mechanism, a single curve with a stress exponent of approx. 1 and a grain-size exponent of 3 were obtained for all materials. This suggests that the deformation mechanism in these annealed materials was the same as that of fine equiaxed β-silicon nitride.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry