Carbonated apatite (CO3Ap) is the inorganic component of bone. We have proposed a new method for the fabrication of CO3Ap blocks based on a dissolution-precipitation method using a synthetic precursor. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of low crystalline CO3Ap on initial cell attachment, proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation of human bone marrow cells (hBMCs) using sintered hydroxyapatite and tissue culture plates as controls. Initial cell attachment and proliferation were assessed with a MTT assay. Expression of osteoblastic markers was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. XRD and FT-IR results showed formation of B-type carbonate apatite with lower crystallinity. No difference was observed for initial cell attachment between HAp and CO3Ap discs. hBMSC attached more significantly on tissue culture plate than on HAp and CO3Ap discs. The number of cells on HAp was higher than that on CO3Ap until day 7, after which the number of cells was similar. hBMSC proliferated more significantly on tissue culture plate than on HAp and CO3Ap discs. In contrast, hBMCs incubated on CO3Ap demonstrated much higher expression of osteoblastic markers of differentiation, such as type I collagen, alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin and osteocalcin, than hBMCs on HAp. On the tissue culture plate, they were not any change throughout the culture period. These results demonstrated that low crystalline CO3Ap exhibit higher osteoinductivity than HAp.
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Feb|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering