Effects of long-term thermal exposure on the microstructure and properties of a cast Ni-base superalloy

X. Z. Qin, J. T. Guo, C. Yuan, C. L. Chen, H. Q. Ye

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    74 Citations (Scopus)


    Microstructural stability and microstructure-property relationship during long-term thermal exposure in K452 alloy (a new Ni-base cast superalloy with ∼21 pct Cr, 11 pct Co, 3.5 pct W, 2.5 pct Al, 3.5 pct Ti, and others) are investigated. It is found that exposure temperature and time have significant effects on the microstructure and properties of the alloy. During exposure, the microstructure is degraded by γ′ coarsening, MC carbide (M mainly represents Ti, W, and Nb) degeneration, precipitation and evolution of grain interior (GI) M23C6 carbide, evolution of grain boundary (GB) microstructure, and precipitation of η phase. Among them, the γ′ coarsening is the leading reason for the decrease of strength of the alloy. The GI M23C6 and the η phase have negligible influence on the properties due to their relatively small populations. Blocky, closely spaced GB M23 C6 particles engulfed in γ′ increase the stress-rupture life, whereas the formation of a continuous GB M23C6 chain has an opposite effect. A life peak occurs when the M23C6/γ′ structure at the GBs is in an optimal form. The degenerated MC is the preferred initiation site of microcracks. Its presence at the GBs promotes the onset of intergranular fracture, and leads to the decrease in mechanical properties.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3014-3022
    Number of pages9
    JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
    Volume38 A
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys


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