Effects of isoflurane on parasympathetic vasodilatation in the rat submandibular gland

Kentaro Mizuta, F. Mizuta, M. Takahashi, H. Ishii, T. Niioka, H. Izumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Volatile anesthetics have been known to suppress parasympathetic reflex vasodilatation in the lower lip and palate. However, in the submandibular gland, little is known about the effects of these anesthetics on the parasympathetic vasodilatation elicited by reflex and direct (i.e., non-reflex) activation of the parasympathetic vasodilator mechanisms. Although both parasympathetic vasodilatations were inhibited by isoflurane in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, the effects of continuous administration of the α 1-adrenoceptor agonist methoxamine were markedly different: The reflex vasodilatation was not affected by methoxamine, while the direct vasodilatation was significantly reduced. Picrotoxin (GABA A receptor antagonist) attenuated the inhibitory effect of isoflurane on direct vasodilatation and the systemic arterial blood pressure. These findings suggest that the isoflurane-induced inhibitory effects on direct vasodilatation are produced by a decrease of peripheral vascular tone by GABAergic mechanisms, whereas those on the reflex vasodilatation are produced exclusively by the inhibition of the reflex center.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-383
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 1


  • Isoflurane
  • Parasympathetic reflex
  • Submandibular gland
  • Vascular tone
  • Vasodilatation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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