Effects of introducing energy recovery processes to the municipal solid waste management system in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Kosuke Toshiki, Pham Quy Giang, Kevin Roy B. Serrona, Takahiro Sekikawa, Jeoung Soo Yu, Baasandash Choijil, Shoichi Kunikane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently, most developing countries have not set up municipal solid waste management systems with a view of recovering energy from waste or reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In this article, we have studied the possible effects of introducing three energy recovery processes either as a single or combination approach, refuse derived fuel production, incineration and waste power generation, and methane gas recovery from landfill and power generation in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, as a case study. We concluded that incineration process is the most suitable as first introduction of energy recovery. To operate it efficiently, 3Rs strategies need to be promoted. And then, RDF production which is made of waste papers and plastics in high level of sorting may be considered as the second step of energy recovery. However, safety control and marketability of RDF will be required at that moment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-186
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Developing country
  • Energy recovery
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Landfill volumes
  • Municipal solid waste management
  • Refuse derived fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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