Effects of high glucose on NO synthesis in human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT)

Kozo Nakai, Shigemoto Fujii, Akira Yamamoto, Junsuke Igarashi, Yasuo Kubota, Hiroaki Kosaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There is a possibility that alteration of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by high glucose leads to a variety of diabetic complications. Objective: In this study, we examined whether NO synthesis is altered by high glucose in spontaneously immortalized human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) that have three isoforms of NO synthases (NOS). Methods: We measured NO end product nitrite in the culture medium using the Griess reagent and analyzed mRNA expression of three isoforms of NOS in HaCaT cells by RT-PCR. Results: High glucose enhanced constitutively produced NO production in HaCaT cells, which persisted for 10 days and was attenuated by an inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), without altering eNOS/nNOS mRNA levels. Cytokine stimulation induced iNOS mRNA in HaCaT cells. Pretreatment with high glucose for 24 h enhanced cytokine-induced NO production in HaCaT cells. However, when these cells were exposed to high glucose for 10 days, cytokine treatment did not induce iNOS mRNA and nitrite production. Conclusion: These diverse alterations in NO production by high glucose may be involved in impaired host-defense and wound healing in the skin of diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of dermatological science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May
Externally publishedYes


  • High glucose
  • Keratinocyte
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology


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