It was reported that hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody-positivity adversely affects cardiac function. As the screening for HCV began in 1992, we hypothesized that HCV antibody-positive rate would be high in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients who underwent heart surgery before 1992 and adversely affected cardiac function and long-term prognosis. We retrospectively enrolled 243 ACHD patients (mean age 25.9 years) who underwent cardiac surgery before 1992 and visited our hospital from 1995 to 2015. We compared clinical characteristics including cardiac function and long-term prognosis between HCV antibody-positive (n = 48) and antibody-negative (n = 195) patients. The composite end point (CEP) included cardiac death, heart failure hospitalization, lethal ventricular arrhythmias, and cardiac reoperation. The prevalence of reduced systemic ventricular ejection fraction <50% was significantly higher in the HCV antibody-positive group compared with the HCV antibody-negative group (17 vs 5.4%, p = 0.014). During a mean follow-up period of 10.1 years (interquartile range 6 to 14 years), the CEP was noted in 51 patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed the HCV antibody-positive group had significantly poor event-free survival than the HCV antibody-negative group (log-rank, p = 0.002). In contrast, HCV ribonucleic acid-positivity was not a significant predictor of the CEP in the HCV antibody-positive group (log-rank, p = 0.442). Furthermore, the HCV antibody-positivity was significantly associated with the CEP in both univariable and multivariable Cox regression models (hazard ratio 2.37, 95% confident interval 1.32 to 4.15, p = 0.005 and 1.96, 1.06 to 3.63, p = 0.032, respectively). In conclusion, these results suggest that more attention should be paid to HCV antibody-positivity in the management of ACHD patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine