Effects of Heater Orientations on the Natural Circulation and Heat Transfer in a Supercritical CO2 Rectangular Loop

Lin Chen, Xin Rong Zhang, Bin Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Supercritical fluid based heat transfer loop (NCL) has become a hot topic in energy conversion systems. In such systems, supercritical natural convection stability and heat transfer conditions are crucial for design and safe operation. In the present study, numerical simulations were performed to investigate the influences of heater orientations on the performance of supercritical CO2 based circulation loops. The numerical model is based on Navier-Stokes equations with supercritical turbulence effects considered. It is found that the heat source location has significant influence on the flow pattern and system heat transfer. Vertical heating cases are found stable in a wide range of heat flux conditions due to the changes of buoyancy force torques across the NCLs, while horizontal heating cases show transition heat flux and oscillations are still seen. However, the influence of heat source location is less significant on the heat transfer characteristics. The effect of cooler heat transfer is found of special importance for the heat transfer and system stability behaviors. The NCL flow and heat transfer correlations are also compared in this study, and it is recommended that more numerical and experimental studies be made in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052501
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May


  • heat transfer
  • natural circulation
  • numerical simulation
  • stability
  • supercritical CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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