Effects of Heat Treatment and Cr Content on the Microstructures, Magnetostriction, and Energy Harvesting Performance of Cr-Doped Fe–Co Alloys

Kenya Nakajima, Shota Tanaka, Kotaro Mori, Hiroki Kurita, Fumio Narita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The magnetostrictive effect is one of the most useful properties of ferromagnetic materials. Vibrations in dynamic structures and machines represent a nontraditional alternative energy source, and ferromagnetic materials could potentially convert the kinetic energy of these vibrations into electrical energy using the inverse magnetostrictive effect. Herein, Fe–Co–Cr alloys are fabricated and these materials are applied to vibrational energy harvesting. Specifically, (Formula presented.) (x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, or 3.0 at%) alloys are made by arc melting in an argon atmosphere and then heat treated at temperatures that promoted magnetostrictive characteristics. The structural properties of these materials are subsequently investigated using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, while their magnetic properties are assessed with a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and their magnetostrictive characteristics are evaluated with a strain gauge method. Vibrational energy harvesting experiments are conducted and the relationship between the output power and the magnetic/magnetostrictive characteristics of these alloys is examined. The data shows that magnetic permeability is an important factor determining the output power of these Fe–Co alloys, in addition to their magnetostrictive properties. The results provide a basis for the systematic development of magnetostrictive material variants and for new alloys required to meet the needs of future designs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • energy harvesting
  • heat treatment
  • magnetostrictive alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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