Effects of HDDR treatment conditions on magnetic properties of Nd-Fe-B anisotropic powders

H. Nakamura, R. Suefuji, S. Sugimoto, M. Okada, M. Homma

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54 Citations (Scopus)


It is reported that Nd-Fe-B magnetic powders prepared by utilizing the HDDR (hydrogenation, disproportionation, desorption, and recombination) phenomena exhibit high coercivity, and the addition of Co, Ga, and Zr induces magnetic anisotropy in these powders. HDDR phenomena are caused by the heat treatment in hydrogen (H treatment) and subsequently in vacuum (V treatment). Present works describe the effects of V-treatment conditions on magnetic properties of Nd 12.6Febal.CoxB6.0 (x=0-17.4) alloys. The powders V-treated at lower temperature show lower remanence and no noticeable magnetic anisotropy. V treatment at higher temperature enhances remanence and increases the differences of remanence between the powders aligned with and without magnetic field. Higher values are obtained in Co added alloys. This result suggests that a selective grain growth of Nd2Fe 14B grains during V treatment plays an important role for the inducement of magnetic anisotropy in HDDR-treated powders. The temperature for complete recombination reaction under evacuating condition decreases with increasing Co content. It can be said that Co addition enhances recombination reaction and results in acceleration of grain growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6828-6830
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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