Effects of goal oriented dance exercise on mood in healthy young adults and schizophrenic patients

Hiroomi Sensui, Yayoi Imamura, Toshihiko Fujimoto, Toshiya Nagamatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It is well known that acute bouts of aerobic exercise are sufficient to improve the psychological state. One possible mechanism of its effect is the mastery hypothesis which suggests that command of a challenging pursuit inculcates a sense of independence and success. To evaluate mastery hypothesis, we compared the change of mood following two types of acute aerobic exercise, learning some movements of hip-hop dance and simple walking. Experiments were conducted in both normal subjects and schizophrenic patients. Nine sedentary male university students (normal group) and 7 schizophrenic patients (4 men and 3 women), under day-care treatment (patient group), participated in this study. Each subject performed 30 min of hip-hop dance, walking or waiting control on separate days. Mood was measured before (pre), 10 min after (post 10′) and 30 min after (post 30′) each trial by self-reported questionnaire (MCL-S.2). Mean % maximal heart rate during the two exercises was almost the same in both groups. In the normal group, both hip-hop dance and walking increased pleasure compared with the control condition; however, there were no statistical differences in mood alterations between the two exercises. In the patient group, hip-hop dance increased pleasure compared with the control condition. Although there were no statistical differences in mood alteration between hip-hop dance and walking, walking did not significantly increase pleasure compared with the control condition. This study could not support the mastery hypothesis; however, acute aerobic exercise improved the mood, not only of normal subjects but also schizophrenic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute
Issue number105
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute exercise
  • Mastery
  • Mental health
  • Mood
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology (medical)

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