We discuss the effects of coupling of the relative motion to nuclear collective excitations which have a finite lifetime on heavy-ion fusion reactions at energies near and below the Coulomb barrier. Both spreading and escape widths are explicitly taken into account in the exit doorway model. The coupled-channels equations are numerically solved to show that the finite resonance width always hinders fusion cross sections at sub-barrier energies irrespective of the relative importance between the spreading and the escape widths. We also show that the structure of fusion barrier distribution is smeared due to the spreading of the strength of the doorway state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics