Effects of feeding oyster, Crassostrea gigas, on serum and liver lipid levels in rats

Kazunari Tanaka, Ikuo Ikeda, Ayako Kase, Kazunori Koba, Shoko Nishizono, Toshiaki Aoyama, Katsumi Imaizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of feeding dietary and defatted oyster meat on lipid metabolism were investigated in rats by comparing measurements with those of casein and soybean protein. In the first experiment, male rats were fed 0.1% and 1% cholesterol-supplemented diets containing casein, oyster or soybean protein under the same dietary level of protein (20%). The concentrations of serum and liver cholesterol in the oyster group were significantly lower than those in the casein group for both the 0.1% and 1% cholesterol-supplemented diets. The cholesterol-lowering effect of oyster meat was more predominant than that of soybean protein. Feeding oyster meat significantly decreased the serum triglyceride concentration as compared to feeding casein for the 0.1% cholesterol-supplemented diets, and it reduced hepatic triglyceride concentration in both groups fed the 0.1% and 1% cholesterol-supplemented diets. The excretion of fecal total steroids was higher in the rats fed oyster meat than those fed casein or soybean protein for both the 0.1% and 1% cholesterol-supplemented diets. In the second experiment, the effects of defatted oyster on lipid metabolism were compared with casein and soybean protein in diets supplemented with cholesterol. The serum cholesterol concentration in the defatted oyster group was comparable to that in the other two groups, but the ratio of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol to total cholesterol was higher in the defatted oyster group. The feeding of defatted oyster induced a lower liver cholesterol concentration as compared to casein and soybean protein. Serum and liver triglyceride levels were lower in the defatted oyster group than in the casein group. Defatted oyster accelerated the fecal excretion of both neutral and acidic steroids as compared to casein. Our results suggest that the feeding of oysters exerts a more potent hypolipidemic activity than soybean protein, and the effect may be ascribed to both lipid and non-lipid fractions in oyster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-106
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of nutritional science and vitaminology
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Fecal excretion
  • Oyster
  • Plant sterols
  • Triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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