Effects of fasting and re-feeding on the expression of Dec, Per1, and other clock-related genes

Takeshi Kawamoto, Mitsuhide Noshiro, Masae Furukawa, Kiyomasa K. Honda, Ayumu Nakashima, Taichi Ueshima, Emiko Usui, Yuki Katsura, Katsumi Fujimoto, Sato Honma, Ken Ichi Honma, Taizo Hamada, Yukio Kato

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To elucidate the food-entrainable oscillatory mechanism of peripheral clock systems, we examined the effect of fasting on circadian expression of clock genes including Dec1 and Dec2 in mice. Withholding of food for 2 days had these effects: the expression level of Dec1 mRNA decreased in all tissues examined, although Per1 mRNA level markedly increased; Per2 expression was reduced in the liver and heart only 42-46 h after the start of fasting; and expression profiles of Dec2 and Bmal1 were altered only in the heart and in the liver, respectively, whereas Rev-erba mRNA levels did not change significantly. Re-feeding after 36-h starvation erased, at least in part, the effect of fasting on Dec1, Dec2, Per1, Per2, and Bmal1 within several hours, and restriction feeding shifted the phase of expression profiles of all examined clock genes including Dec1 and Dec2. These findings indicate that short-term fasting and re-feeding modulate the circadian rhythms of clock genes to different extents in peripheral tissues, and suggest that the expression of Dec1, Per1, and some other clock genes was closely 1linked with the metabolic activity of these tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume140
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep

Keywords

  • Circadian rhythms
  • Clock
  • DEC1
  • DEC2
  • PER1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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    Kawamoto, T., Noshiro, M., Furukawa, M., Honda, K. K., Nakashima, A., Ueshima, T., Usui, E., Katsura, Y., Fujimoto, K., Honma, S., Honma, K. I., Hamada, T., & Kato, Y. (2006). Effects of fasting and re-feeding on the expression of Dec, Per1, and other clock-related genes. Journal of biochemistry, 140(3), 401-408. https://doi.org/10.1093/jb/mvj165