Effects of ethanol and its metabolites on human pancreatic stellate cells

Atsushi Masamune, Akihiko Satoh, Takashi Watanabe, Kazuhiro Kikuta, Masahiro Satoh, Noriaki Suzuki, Kennichi Satoh, Tooru Shimosegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a pivotal role in pancreatic inflammation and fibrosis. In the pancreas, in addition to oxidative metabolism, ethanol can be metabolized by esterification with fatty acids to form fatty acid ethyl esters such as palmitic acid ethyl ester (PAEE). We here examined the effects of ethanol (at 20 or 50 mM), acetaldehyde (at 200 μM), or PAEE (at 100 μM), on PSCs functions. PSCs did not express mRNAs for pancreatic triglyceride lipase and carboxyl ester lipase. Ethanol and acetaldehyde, but not PAEE, induced production of procollagen type I C-peptide. Ethanol, but not acetaldehyde or PAEE, induced interleukin-8 production. PAEE activated activator protein-1, but not nuclear factor κB. In addition, PAEE activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Specific activation of signal transduction pathways and cell functions by ethanol and its metabolites may play a role in alcohol-induced pancreatic injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan

Keywords

  • Acetaldehyde
  • Fatty acid ethyl ester
  • Pancreatic fibrosis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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