Effects of dual jets distance on mixing characteristics and flow path within a cavity in supersonic crossflow

Takahiro Ukai, Hossein Zare-Behtash, Kin Hing Lo, Konstantinos Kontis, Shigeru Obayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


A rectangular open cavity with upstream dual injectors at a freestream Mach number of 1.9 was investigated experimentally. To evaluate the effect of the distance between the jets, the flow characteristics were investigated using the high-speed schlieren photography, particle image velocimetry, and surface oil flow techniques. The dual jet distances of 18 and 54. mm were used. Unstable flow occurs over the cavity in all cases and is not improved by changing the distance between the dual jets. Although the distance between the dual jets does not influence the flow stability, the flow field varies decidedly depending on the dual jets distance. The enhancement of air mixing depends on the distance between the jets. A long dual jets distance was found to yield better mixing characteristics within the cavity than a short one. When the jets are further apart, the mainstream between two counter-rotating vortex pairs behind the jets flows strongly into the cavity because of the increased blow-down occurring between the vortex pairs. Additionally, a counterflow with a low velocity magnitude occurs behind the jets. Hence, mixing is enhanced within the cavity by effects of the opposed flow. When the jet pairs are closer to each other, the counter-rotating vortex pairs are in contact; as a result, the blow-down effect does not occur between them. The flow drawn into the cavity from the mainstream is supplied from the sides of the test section into the cavity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-262
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1


  • Cavity
  • Flow path
  • Mixing characteristics
  • Scramjet
  • Supersonic dual injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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