Effects of defect configuration, size, and remaining teeth on masticatory function in post-maxillectomy patients

S. Koyama, K. Sasaki, T. Inai, Makoto Watanabe

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the masticatory function and the maxillary defect configuration, size, and remaining teeth in post-maxillectomy patients restored with an obturator prosthesis. Fifty consecutive post-maxillectomy patients (mean age 67.0) participated in this study. The subjects consisted of 26 dentate and 24 edentulous patients. Data were collected from the patients' clinical records, diagnostic casts, and a questionnaire on masticatory function to evaluate the defect configuration, size, and the masticatory function scores associated with wearing obturator prostheses. The defect size was evaluated by the ratio of defect area to the horizontal impression area. The defect configuration was assessed according to Aramany's classification and separated into unilateral and bilateral defects. The multiple regression analysis and the Mann-Whitney U-test (P < 0.05) were used to assess statistical significance. The Spearman's correlation coefficient by rank test was also used to detect correlation. The following conclusions were made: (i) The presence of teeth in the maxillary dentition and the different type of the defect configuration had significant correlation with the masticatory function score (r = 0.616). (ii) The masticatory function scores of the subjects differed significantly with the presence of teeth in the maxillary dentition and the different types of defect configurations (P = 0.005, P = 0.002, respectively). (iii) There was significant correlation between the masticatory function score and the size of the defect area in the edentulous group (r = -0.648, P = 0.001). The presence of teeth, the size and configuration of the defect influenced the masticatory function of post-maxillectomy patients with obturator prostheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-641
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of oral rehabilitation
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Defect of maxilla
  • Masticatory function
  • Obturator prosthesis
  • Post-maxillectomy patients
  • Remaining teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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