Effects of Cu-In precursor film phase structure on CuInSe2 film properties

Ling Fang, Gong Zhang, Daming Zhuang, Ming Zhao, Qilin Zheng, Xiaofeng Ding, Minsheng Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of sputtering power on the phase structures of Cu-In precursors and the properties of CuInSe2 (CIS) films were investigated. Cu-In precursors were prepared using a middle frequency AC magnetron at different sputtering powers. CuInSe2 films were formed by selenization in a selenium atmosphere. SEM and EDX were used to observe the surface morphologies and to determine the atomic concentrations in both the Cu-In precursors and the CIS films. Their microstructures were characterized by XRD. The kinetics of the reactions in the film were also analyzed. The results show that the Cu-In precursors are mainly composed of a Cu11In9 phase, with or without a CuIn phase depending on the sputtering power. Stoichiometric CIS films with a single chalcopyrite phase were synthesized from Cu-In precursors containing the Cu11In9 phase and the CuIn phase. The Cu2Se phase occurs in addition to the CIS chalcopyrite phase in Cu-rich CIS films formed using a Cu-In precursor with the Cu11In9 phase. The Cu-In precursor with Cu11In9 and CuIn phases is favorable for CuInSe2 absorbers in solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1099
Number of pages4
JournalQinghua Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Tsinghua University
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug


  • Cu-In precursor
  • CuInSe thin film
  • Magnetron sputtering
  • Selenization
  • Solar cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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