Effects of CO2 laser irradiation of the gingiva during tooth movement

M. Seiryu, T. Deguchi, K. Fujiyama, Y. Sakai, T. Daimaruya, T. Takano-Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients often feel pain or discomfort in response to orthodontic force. It was hypothesized that CO2 laser irradiation may reduce the early responses to nociceptive stimuli during tooth movement. The distribution of Fos-immunoreactive (Fos-IR) neurons in the medullary dorsal horn of rats was evaluated. Two hrs after tooth movement, Fos-IR neurons in the ipsilateral part of the medullary dorsal horn increased significantly. CO2 laser irradiation to the gingiva just after tooth movement caused a significant decrease of Fos-IR neurons. PGP 9.5- and CGRP-positive nerve fibers were observed in the PDL of all study groups. The maximum temperature below the mucosa during CO2 laser irradiation was less than 40°C. It was suggested that CO2 laser irradiation reduced the early responses to nociceptive stimuli during tooth movement and might not have adverse effects on periodontal tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of dental research
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May

Keywords

  • C-Fos
  • CO2 laser
  • Medullary dorsal horn
  • Rat.
  • Tooth movement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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