Effects of cooling rate and direct hot deformation conditions after solidification on the austenitic microstructure evolved by simulated strip casting and thin slab casting processes in HSLA steels

S. Hotta, T. Murakami, T. Narushima, Y. Iguchi, C. Ouchi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Currently new continuous casting processes such as thin slab caster or strip casting are industrialized or under developing in the world steel makers. In these casting processes, cooling rate after solidification becomes much faster compared with thick slab caster, and hot rolling mill connected directly with casting machine tends to be installed. The present study was conducted to investigate variations of austenitic grain size and micro segregation with cooling rate after solidification and also direct hot deformation conditions in austenite immediately after solidification in HSLA steels. HSLA steels were 0.15%C-0.25%Si-1.50%Mn, 0.028%Nb and 0.028%Nb-0.015%Ti with the same basic compositions. A hot working simulator of THERMECMASTER-Z was used, and the center part of tensile specimen set up in this machine was partially or fully levitation-melted by induction heating under argon gas atmosphere. After melting, specimens were cooled at cooling rate from 0.4K/s to 40K/s, and this range covered cooling rates after solidification in heavy thick slab caster and strip casting. Direct hot tensile straining in austenite after solidification was conducted at strain rates from 1.4×10-3S-1 to 2.6s-1, corresponding to an extracting speed in a respective caster. The increase of cooling rate refined continuously as cast austenitic grain size, and it was enhanced in micro alloyed steels. Micro segregation such as Mn was improved by faster cooling. Direct straining after solidification markedly refined austenitic grain size through dynamic or static recrystallization occurring depending on strain rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-731
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Materials Research
Volume15-17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event5th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials - THERMEC 2006 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 2006 Jul 42006 Jul 8

Keywords

  • Direct hot deformation
  • Grain refinement
  • Levitation melting
  • Recrystallization
  • Strip casting
  • Thin slab caster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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