Effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with inotrope-dependent class IV end-stage heart failure

Ikutaro Nakajima, Takashi Noda, Hideaki Kanzaki, Kohei Ishibashi, Koji Miyamoto, Yuko Yamada, Hideo Okamura, Kazuhiro Satomi, Takeshi Aiba, Shiro Kamakura, Toshihisa Anzai, Masaharu Ishihara, Satoshi Yasuda, Hisao Ogawa, Wataru Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been widely used for the treatment of refractory heart failure (HF). However, the efficacy of CRT is not well established in class IV HF patients on inotropic support. Methods: Twenty-six patients (age 55718 years, 73% men) with inotrope-dependent HF were reviewed to evaluate the effectiveness of CRT in class IV HF patients on inotropic support. Results: Intravenous inotropic therapy was administered for 72756 days before CRT and consisted of dobutamine (n=24; 3.071. 2 μg kg -1 min-1), dopamine (n=2; 4.572.1 μg kg -1 min-1), and/or milrinone (n=16; 0.12 70.09 μg kg-1 min-1). CRT did not produce significant reverse remodeling in eligible patients (left ventricular ejection fraction 2377% to 2579%; p=0.23, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter 7079 mm to 6879 mm; p=0.14). After CRT device implantation, 13 (50%) patients experienced 1 or more episodes of ventricular tachyarrhythmia or sudden cardiac death. Twenty (77%) patients survived to hospital discharge with weaning from inotropic support (70770 days after CRT implantation). The 1-year survival rate was 81%. However, data from long-term follow-up showed that 68% of the study patients who attained survival discharge had an HF hospitalization event within the follow-up period. Conclusion: CRT did not result in significant reverse remodeling in patients with inotrope-dependent class IV end-stage HF. However, it contributed to dramatically improve the cardiovascular outcomes at least in the short-term period in some patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-346
Number of pages5
Journaljournal of arrhythmia
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Inotrope-dependent heart failure
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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