Effects of calcium ion in highly alkaline plume on permeability change of flow-path

Hideo Usui, Yuichi Niibori, Koichi Tanaka, Osamu Tochiyama, Hitoshi Mimura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

For the construction of the geological disposal system of radioactive wastes, a large amount of cement is used. Such a material alters the pH of groundwater to highly alkaline region [1-3]. The highly alkaline plume contains rich Ca ion compared to the surrounding environment, and the Ca ions reacts with soluble silicic acid. Its product would deposit on the surface of flow-paths in the natural barrier and decrease the permeability. In this study, the influence of Ca ion in highly alkaline plume on flow-paths has been examined by using packed bed column. The column was packed with the amoiphous silica particles of 75-150 pm in diameter. The Ca(OH) 2 solution (0. 78 mM, 4.37 mM, and 8.48 mM, pH: 12.2-12.3) was continuously injected into the column at constant flow rate (1.1 mm/s), and the change of permeability was continuously monitored. At the same time, [Ca] total and [Si] in the eluted solution was measured by the inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The Ca(OH) 2 solutions were prepared with CO 2 -free pure water, and filtrated through 0.22 μm and 0.45 μm filter. The permeability was normalized by the initial permeability value. The experimental results showed that the permeability change and the chemical reactions in the packed bed depended on the concentration of Ca(OH) 2 in the feed solution. The SEM images showed that the feed solution of 8.48 mM in [Ca] total apparently altered the particle surface with the products with Ca (deposition). Moreover, from the distribution of Ca on the cross section of packed particle (by EPMA), it was found that Ca deposited also in the inner pores of the particle. These results suggest that the deposition does not always change the permeability in the early stage of precipitation reaction. In the eluted solution, the concentrations of Ca and Si dramatically changed, depending on the concentration of Ca in the feed solution.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX
Pages167-174
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul 24
Event29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 2005 Sep 122005 Sep 16

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume932
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other29th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIX
CountryBelgium
CityGhent
Period05/9/1205/9/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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