Effects of calcination time and temperature of C032--intercalated mg-ai layered double hydroxide on the removal of CI- and SO42- from seawater

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Abstract

The effects of calcination time and temperature of C032-- intercalated Mg-AI layered double hydroxide (CO3 Mg-Al LDH) on the removal of CI" and SO42- from seawater were investigated. The degree of CI- removal increased with the increase of calcination time from 2 to 8 h at 500 °C, suggesting increasing decarbonation of CCVMg-Al LDH. However, the calcination time of CO3 • Mg-Al LDH hardly affected the SO42- removal. The thermal decomposition of CO3 Mg-Al LDH at 500-800 °C for 2 h caused the production of Mg-Al oxide. However, MgO and MgAk04 were also obtained at 900-1000 °C. The degree of SO42- re-moval was over 90% at 500-800 °C. The product obtained by the calcination of C04- Mg-Al LDH at 900-1000 °C could absorb SO42" from seawater. MgO and MgAb04 did not have any uptake ability, but the remaining Mg-Al oxide could take up SO42- from seawater. The degree of CI- removal was in the following order: 500 °C < 600 °C < 700 °C < 800 °C < 900 °C. The increase in CI- removal suggested the increasing decarbonation of CCV Mg-Al LDH with increasing temperature. The highest degree of CI- removal at 900 °C was attributed to the high Mg/Al molar ratio of the remaining Mg-Al oxide in the product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3025-3028
Number of pages4
JournalFresenius Environmental Bulletin
Volume24
Issue number9A
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Calcination
  • Chloride ions
  • Mg-AL layered double hydroxide
  • Removal
  • Sulphate ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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