Effects of butyrate supplementation in antibiotic-free milk replacer and starter on growth performance in suckling calves

Sanggun Roh, Nobuhiro Kimura, Kazushi Sakamoto, Koki Nishihara, Keiichi Suzuki, Kazuo Katoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate butyrate supplementation of antibiotic-free milk replacer and starter on growth performance in male Holstein calves. Twenty-nine calves were divided into two groups. Group C (n = 13) was fed antibiotic-free milk replacer without supplementation, and Group B (n = 16) was fed antibiotic-free milk replacer supplemented with butyrate (1.6 % DM of Gustor BP70®). Starter in Group B contained 0.3 % DM of Gustor BP70®. The intake of milk replacer was lower in group B than in C (p = 0.07 for the treatment x week interaction). Body weight (BW) and heart girth (HG) in group B was higher than in C during the experimental period (p = 0.07 and 0.01 for the treatment × week interaction, respectively). The duration of the weaning period in group B was shorter than in group C (p = 0.02). β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) was higher in group B than in C (p = 0.04). Insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentrations tended to be higher in group B than in C (p = 0.07 for treatment × week interaction). Our results show that butyrate supplementation in antibiotic-free milk replacer and starter exerted positive effects on growth performance in suckling calves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486-1491
Number of pages6
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Volume89
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct

Keywords

  • calf
  • milk replacer
  • sodium butyrate
  • starter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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