Effects of alkaline deamidation on the chemical properties of rice bran protein

Jingtao Guan, Ryunosuke Takai, Kohei Toraya, Tomohisa Ogawa, Koji Muramoto, Satoshi Mohri, Daitaro Ishikawa, Tomoyuki Fujii, Hyun Chi, Seong Jun Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The water solubility of rice bran protein (RBP) was improved by deamidation under alkaline conditions. The degree of deamidation was found to be a major factor in improving the solubility of RBP. The decrease in molecular mass or the degradation of peptide bonds was not detected in deamidated RBP under the conditions used. The thermal property and secondary structure of deamidated RBP measured by differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that the secondary structure of RBP was well preserved during alkaline deamidation. By raising pH and temperature for deamidation, the generation rates of constituent amino acid racemization and lysinoalanine increased. The highest solubility (∼90%) of RBP was achieved by treatment at pH 12 and 120°C for 15 - 30 min by enduring side reactions. Moderate solubility (∼40%) could be achieved by deamidation at pH 8 and 100°C for 30 min to minimize side reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-704
Number of pages8
JournalFood Science and Technology Research
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Deamidation
  • Lysinoalanine
  • Racemization
  • Rice bran
  • Rice bran protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Marketing

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  • Cite this

    Guan, J., Takai, R., Toraya, K., Ogawa, T., Muramoto, K., Mohri, S., Ishikawa, D., Fujii, T., Chi, H., & Cho, S. J. (2017). Effects of alkaline deamidation on the chemical properties of rice bran protein. Food Science and Technology Research, 23(5), 697-704. https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.23.697