Effects of adsorbed CO on the electrode reactions at a platinum electrode

Hideaki Kita, Shen Ye, Kyoko Sugimura

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27 Citations (Scopus)


The behaviour and poisoning effects of the CO adsorbed at 50 and 500 mV (vs. RHE) on Pt were studied in 1 M HClO4 at room temperature. The 500 mV CO(a) is much more resistive to electrochemical oxidation than the 50 mV CO(a), although both are linearly bonded CO. Neither migrates on the electrode surface, being inactive to hydrogen but very reactive to O2. For the hydrogen evolution reaction, 50 mV CO(a) acts basically as a third body in the entire range of CO coverage but increases the Tafel slope above a coverage of 0.7. The hydrogen ionization reaction was completely blocked up to 0.2-0.3 and 0.65-0.7 V by 50 and 500 mV CO(a), respectively. At more positive potentials the reaction takes place at free sites provided by the initiation of CO(a) oxidation and attains a diffusion limiting rate far beyond the complete removal of CO(a). On the other hand, NO-2 undergoes reduction in the potential range where hydrogen ionization is completely blocked at the 50 mV CO(a) surface. The reaction takes place at the expense of bridged CO on contact of NO-2 with the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-296
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jan 10
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry


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