We investigated the effects of added phosphorus on the conversion of ethanol to propylene over ZSM-5 zeolite catalysts. We found that the activity of the catalysts was enhanced by the addition of phosphorus, and we suggest that the added phosphorus suppressed oligomerization of propylene and butene by decreasing the acidity of the active sites of the zeolites. Furthermore, the addition of phosphorus greatly enhanced the hydrothermal stability of the zeolites and thus substantially improved the catalyst durability during ethanol conversion. Carbon deposition, which was the main cause of deactivation of the phosphorus-modified zeolites, was suppressed by H 2O produced by dehydration of ethanol.
- Carbon deposition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology