Effects of a wearable type lumbosacral support for low back pain among hospital workers: A randomized controlled trial

Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Hiroyuki Yamada, Takashi Watanabe, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Hirokazu Hatano, Eiji Itoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the effects of a new wearable type of lumbosacral support on low back pain. Methods: A total of 121 healthcare workers participated in this study. They were randomly allocated into the experimental and control groups and the former wore the support with signals of compression on the back by poor posture for the first 3 months. The control group remained on a waiting list for the first 3 months. Medical history, musculoskeletal symptoms, feeling in good posture, sleep habits, psychological distress, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) were evaluated. The range of motion (ROM) in the shoulder and hip joints as well as spinal alignment were evaluated. Our primary concern was the difference in the change of low back pain measured by visual analog scale (VAS) between the two groups. Results: A total of 54 participants in the experimental and 53 participants in the control groups were analyzed. VAS and SSAS scores as well as lumbar spinal ROM in the experimental group significantly decreased. Low back pain (OR=0.401, 95% CI=0.168-0.954) and neck pain in the experimental group (OR = 0.198, 95% CI = 0.0520.748) significantly decreased. Conclusions: The new lumbar support reduced VAS and SSAS scores, lumbar spinal ROM, low back pain, and neck pain. This new type of lumbar support reduced low back pain among healthcare workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-209
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Healthcare workers
  • Low back pain
  • Lumbar support
  • Posture
  • Somatosensory amplification scale
  • Spinal alignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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