Effectiveness of policy against illegal disposal of waste

Takayoshi Shinkuma, Shunsuke Managi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Our objective is to analyze the effectiveness, against the illegal disposal of waste, of a licensing system that has been introduced in a waste management policy. We theoretically find enforcement leverage in the licensing system, and then examine the theoretical result empirically. The results suggest that extending liability to disposers, which forms the basis of the enforcement leverage, deters illegal disposal more effectively than increasing penalties for illegal disposal. We also obtain evidence of transboundary movement of illegal disposal, and find how the court determines penalties for illegal disposal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-145
Number of pages23
JournalEnvironmental Economics and Policy Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Disposers and waste management
  • Enforcement leverage
  • Environmental regulations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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