Background: As ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions can spread widely in the ductal-lobular segment, often without palpable tumor, complete resection of the lesion in breast-conserving surgery requires establishment of the precise location and extent of the lesion during preoperative imaging studies. We investigated the potential of multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) in detecting and delineating DCIS lesions. Methods: Overall, 74 patients with 75 DCIS lesions underwent breast MDCT. The size of the DCIS lesion in each patient was measured in the volume rendering images and compared to the size obtained by pathological mapping. The differences between the actual tumor size and that obtained from MDCT (L-Path and L-CT) were calculated, and the relationships between these differences and tumor characteristics were investigated. Results: DCIS was detected fully or partially in 64 (84.9 %) of 75 lesions, whereas the detection rate of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was 90 %. The detection rate was not influenced by comedo/non-comedo status, but the detection rate of higher nuclear grade DCIS lesions tended to be higher than that of low grade lesions (p = 0.089), while the estimated size was also more accurate in the former (p = 0.046). Hormone receptor and Her2 status did not affect MDCT findings. Conclusion: MDCT is highly effective for detecting DCIS, especially the more aggressive types of DCIS. Moreover, the patient's position during MDCT imaging is more similar to that during surgery than that during MRI, making MDCT a highly useful presurgical imaging technique for the assessment of DCIS.
- Breast cancer
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Pharmacology (medical)