Effectiveness of additional lead shielding to protect staff from scattering radiation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures

Yoshiaki Morishima, Koichi Chida, Takayoshi Meguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is often complex and involves long fluoroscopic times, with significant radiation exposure to medical staff. We investigated protective effects of an additional attached lead shielding device. The lead shielding device covered with the X-ray tube table (0.125 mm lead equivalent) during ERCP procedures. Fluoroscopy scatter radiation, with or without the lead shielding device, was measured using an acrylic phantom and a radiation survey meter. Measurements (25 points) were made at 50 cm intervals, at both 90 and 150 cm above the floor. We created radiation maps, with and without the additional lead shielding device. Moreover, we monitored annual staff exposure to radiation, before and after inclusion of the shielding device. Without additional shielding, exposure doses at the physician’s position, 90 and 150 cm above the floor, were 1940 and 4040 (μSv/h) respectively. In contrast, with the shielding device, corresponding exposures were 270 and 450 (μSv/h) at 90 and 150 cm, respectively. Scattered radiation was decreased by 86.1% at 90 cm or 88.9% at 150 cm. However, with additional lead shielding in the middle, rather than hung over the operating table, scattered radiation was decreased by only ~10%. The staff’s annual dose equivalents (DEs) were 12.2–29.8 mSv/year without and 3.8–8.4 mSv/year with lead shielding. With lead shielding, dose equivalent values for the staff were decreased by 41.0–76.5%. Thus, with additional lead shielding, properly used, scattered radiation would be decreased by ~90%, thus decreasing exposure doses to medical staff during ERCPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of radiation research
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Additional lead shielding devices
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • Physician’s dose
  • Radiation map
  • Scattered radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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