Effectiveness of a New Lead-Shielding Device and Additional Filter for Reducing Staff and Patient Radiation Exposure During Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study Using a Human Phantom

Yoshiaki Morishima, Koichi Chida, Yoshikazu Muroya, Yoshiya Utsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interventional radiology procedures often involve lengthy exposure to fluoroscopy-derived radiation. We therefore devised a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) procedure using a human phantom that proved to protect the patient and physician by reducing the radiation dose. We evaluated a new lead-shielding device and separately attached additional filters (1.0-, 2.0-, and 3.0-mm Al filters and a 0.5-mm Cu filter) during VFSS to reduce the patient’s entrance skin dose (ESD). A monitor attached to the human phantom’s neck measured the ESD. We also developed another lead shield (VFSS Shielding Box, 1.0-mm Pb equivalent) and tested its efficacy using the human phantom and an ionization chamber radiation survey meter with and without protection from scattered radiation at the physician’s position on the phantom. We then measured the scattered radiation (at 90 and 150 cm above the floor) after combining the filters with the VFSS Shielding Box. With the additional filters, the ESD was reduced by 15.4–55.1%. With the VFSS Shielding Box alone, the scattered radiation was reduced by about 10% compared with the dose without additional shielding. With the VFSS Shielding Box and filters combined, the scattered radiation dose was reduced by a maximum of about 44% at the physician’s position. Thus, the additional lead-shielding device effectively provided protection from scattered radiation during fluoroscopy. These results indicate that the combined VFSS Shielding Box and filters can effectively reduce the physician’s and patient’s radiation doses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-114
Number of pages6
JournalDysphagia
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Additional filter
  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Original lead shielding
  • Scattered radiation protection
  • Video recording

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Speech and Hearing

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