Effect of zero-valent iron addition on the biogas fermentation of food waste after anaerobic preservation

Shuang Zhang, Yuanyuan Ren, Xinxin Ma, Weijie Guan, Ming Gao, Yu You Li, Qunhui Wang, Chuanfu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To solve the problem of acidification during high-load anaerobic digestion of food waste, the effects of adding Fe0 on acidified fermentation system were investigated. Four adding Fe0 groups and four control groups were set under different inoculum-to-substrate ratios (ISRs) of 1.00, 0.80, 0.65, and 0.50. Results showed that adding Fe0 significantly increased methane production, except for the over-acidification group under ISR= 0.5. As for the control groups, the pH of system decreased to below 5.8 with the decrease of ISR, which led to the instability of the system and the stop of gas production. Compared with the control groups, pH recovered faster and the concentration of volatile fatty acids was lower with Fe0 addition under the same ISR. Moreover, in the Fe0 group under ISR= 0.65, the pH recovery effect was the most obvious and microbial-community analysis showed that the relative abundance of Clostridium increased by 14.9%. As a result, the best recovery effect was obtained by adding Fe0 under ISR= 0.65, and the cumulative CH4 yield increased by 77.3% compared with the control group. Therefore, adding Fe0 to the acidified fermentation system can effectively alleviate acidification and thus increase methane production when ISR > 0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106013
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Acidification inhibition
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Methane production
  • Volatile fatty acid
  • Zero-valent iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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