Effect of welding parameters on properties of friction stir welded high nitrogen steel

Yutaka S. Sato, Kei Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kokawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Recently, high nitrogen steels containing more than 1 wt% nitrogen, resulting in both high mechanical properties and good corrosion resistance, have been developed. However, they exhibit very poor fusion-weldability because they experience desorption of nitrogen and porosity formation during fusion welding processes. On the other hand, FSW (friction stir welding) would be an effective welding method to alleviate problems associated with fusion welding processes in HNSs (high nitrogen steels) because it is a solid-state joining process. The objective of this study was to clarify the effect of welding parameters on the properties of friction stir welded steel containing 1.3% nitrogen. FSW produced defect-free welds in high nitrogen steel at various welding parameters. FSW refined the grain structure in the stir zone, which resulted in higher hardness, strength and toughness than the base material. Simultaneously, FSW resulted in rapid precipitation of chromium nitrides on the grain boundaries in the stir zone, which caused reduction of the corrosion resistance. This study showed that FSW was an effective method to produce a defect-free weld in the FfNS and that a combination of high rotational speed and high travel speed resulted in better mechanical and corrosion properties of the stir zone.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTrends in Welding Research - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 31
Event9th International Conference on Trends in Welding Research - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 2012 Jun 42012 Jun 8

Publication series

NameASM Proceedings of the International Conference: Trends in Welding Research


Other9th International Conference on Trends in Welding Research
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of welding parameters on properties of friction stir welded high nitrogen steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this